Wuhouci (Wuhou Memorial Temple)
Located in the south of Chengdu, the temple is a famous historical site dedicated to the memory of both Liu Bei (161-223), Emperor of the Kingdom of Shu in the Three Kingdoms Period (220-280), and Zhuge Liang (181-234), Prime Minister of the kingdom. The temple encompasses 37,000 square meters, enclosed by red walls where there are spacious buildings shaded by towering old cypresses.
The title "Wuhou" was granted to Zhuge Liang, a famous military strategist of the Three Kingdoms Period (220-80 A.D.) was fictionalized in one of the classics of Chinese literature, The Tale of the Three Kingdoms. The temple was originally built by Li Xiong of the Western Jin Dynasty (265-316AD), 400 years after Zhuge Liang's death, and rebuilt in the Qing Dynasty with a total area of 37000 square meters.
It also contains the tomb of Liu Bei (161 - 223, reigned 221-223), the first ruler of the State of Shu. Tourists will find statues of Liu Bei and Zhuge Liang as well as a multitude of steles, wooden inscriptions placed on linteks, charcoal braziers, bronze tripod vessels, bells and a drum used by Zhuge Liang in battle. There articles are important in studying the history of the State of Shu.
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